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The Union Jack illustration of how it was constructed from the flags of Scotland, Ireland and England

The Union Jack

The Union Jack flag is made up of the Saltire of St Andrew for Scotland and St Patrick for Ireland — a saltire is the heraldic name for the diagonal cross-look — together with the cross of St George for the Kingdom of England. As Wales was a principality at the time the flag was created, not a kingdom, it is not represented in the design.

Before Ireland’s emblem was added, there was actually an earlier flag back in 1606— the original Union Flag — with just Scotland and England present.

Curious about the difference between Great Britain, the United Kingdom and the British Isles?

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